What is Plaque and How is it Formed? – Maintaining Healthy Oral Hygiene

Dental care is one of the most important aspects of your general health. You have to be aware of the fact that without proper care, your teeth can be more exposed to plaque and other problems. Plaque, being the most common dental problem, can happen to anyone. So, what is plaque and how is it formed? Plaque is a sticky, colorless film of bacteria that can form on your teeth as a layer. When your teeth feel a bit fuzzy to your tongue, it is probably because of the plaque. This is most noticeable when you have not brushed.

What is Plaque and How is it Formed

What is Plaque and How is it Formed?

So, what is plaque and how is it formed? Plaque is a film of bacteria that forms as a layer on your teeth as a result of not brushing. 

  • How is Plaque Formed?

Almost everyone develops plaque. Bacteria is constantly forming in your mouth. All of these bacteria use some of the ingredients in your mouth along with saliva to grow. The plaque is mainly developed when the foods that contain starches and sugars are left on the teeth. These foods can be soft drinks, cakes, candies, raisins and milk. Bacteria present in your mouth thrive on these foods and can cause cavities. As a result, they also produce some acids. Over time, these plaques can develop on the teeth as well as on the tooth roots. Slowly, the plaque results in breaking down the bones responsible for supporting the teeth. 

  • How to Know if Plaque is Forming?

Almost everyone develops plaque because of the bacteria present in your mouth. The bacteria constantly attack your teeth, thus forming an acid. This acid attack can make your tooth enamel weak causing it to break down. It may eventually form a cavity. So, if you are having sugary or starchy food all the time, then the chances are quite high that you will get plaque. If you notice swollen gums or a black layer on the teeth, then the plaque is surely forming.

  • How to Prevent Formation of Plaque?

It is important to prevent the formation of plaque in order to stop tooth decaying. Here are some of the steps that you can take when preventing the plague:

  1. Make sure to brush your teeth twice a day with a rounded tip and soft bristled toothbrush. While brushing, pay minute attention to the gaps and spaces in the gums. Also be sure to remove your wisdom teeth to prevent any sores or bacteria building up in areas where you can reach with a toothbrush.  
  2. Besides just brushing, it is also important to floss the teeth at least once every day. This can remove the food residues and particles that can cause the growth of bacteria.
  3. You must use one of the best antibacterial mouth rinses for reducing the bacteria that can cause gum diseases and plaque.
  4. You must eat a healthy balanced diet and limit the amount of candies and sugary foods you have. Choosing nutritious foods like fruits, yogurts and vegetables can help the saliva to neutralize the acids that cause plaque and can also help with your health.


So,what is plaque and how is it formed? Then, you probably have got the answer. You need to make sure that you take the essential steps to prevent the buildup of plaque. For better suggestions and treatments, you need to visit an experienced dental expert or dentist to ensure that your dental hygiene doesn’t affect your overall health.

How Does Sugar Cause Cavities? – Effects on Tooth Enamel

It’s common knowledge that sugar can lead to tooth decay. However, only a handful of people are aware of how that happens. As young kids, we’re taught that sugar results in cavities, and if we want to avoid painful procedures, we must avoid sugary things that put us at risk. But that’s only half the story. What most people don’t realize is that it’s not the sugar itself that does the damage, but rather the sequence of events that take place after eating that tasty chocolate. So, how does sugar cause cavities?

How Does Sugar Cause Cavities?

How Cavities Develop

According to research findings, the mouth is full of bacteria, many of which are beneficial to the oral ecosystem. However, certain harmful bacteria will feed on the sugar in your mouth and create acids that destroy the tooth enamel (the tooth’s shiny outer protective layer). As such, cavities are an infection that causes holes in your teeth. If you fail to treat cavities, they can progress into deeper layers of the tooth. This can be very painful and possibly result in tooth loss.

A Constant Battle in The Mouth

How Does Sugar Cause Cavities?

Your teeth are frequently attacked by acids in the mouth. Fortunately, this damage is constantly being reversed. Acids leach minerals from your enamel through a process referred to as demineralization. The good news, however, is that the teeth are strengthened all over again through the natural process of remineralization. And the biggest player in the remineralization process is your saliva.

Saliva is rich in minerals such as calcium and phosphates to help repair your teeth. Another critical mineral that helps to repair a weakened enamel is fluoride. Nonetheless, remineralization can only do so much to prevent the effects of sugar on your teeth, especially if you consume lots of sugars and starches throughout the day. The best way to give your mouth a fighting chance to fix the damage is by limiting your intake of sugar.

Ways to Remineralize Tooth Enamel

Dental experts offer several tips on the prevention of cavities. In addition to cutting down your sugar intake, experts recommend stimulating the flow of saliva to help bathe your teeth in minerals. Consuming fibrous fruits and vegetables and chewing sugarless gum, for example, are good ways to stimulate saliva flow.

Black and green teas also contain substances that help to suppress harmful bacteria in your mouth, so adding a few cups into your daily routine, without sugar, can go a long way in keeping a healthy balance in your mouth. Additionally, yogurt, cheese, and other dairy products also contain calcium and phosphates that help to strengthen your teeth.

Fluoride helps to not only prevent but also reverse tooth decay in its early stages. So, brush your teeth daily with fluoride toothpaste and drink plenty of fluoridated water.

Bottom Line

So how does sugar cause cavities? Cavities are a result of a chain of events that take place after taking sugary things. The secret to preventing the negative effects of sugar on your teeth is to be vigilant.

How Dental Health Affects Overall Health – FYI

Taking good care of your teeth, gums and mouth are essential for your dental health. How dental health affects overall health can help to prevent tooth decay, gum disease, and bad breath. Many people ask the question: is there a connection to oral health and whole-body health. The case for good oral health keeps getting stronger as researchers are discovering new reasons to ensure proper dental health. The health of your mouth has plenty to do with your overall health. A look inside a swab of saliva can tell volumes about what’s going on inside your body.

How Dental Health Affects Overall Health

  • Oral Signs and Symptoms

Your mouth can reveal what’s going on inside your body. It often serves as a helpful way to detect the early signs and symptoms of systemic disease – a disease that affects your entire body and not just it’s parts. According to various research findings, most systemic diseases produce oral signs and symptoms.

  • Saliva is a Helpful Diagnostic Tool
How Dental Health Affects Overall Health

Your physician can collect and test saliva for diagnostic purposes. For instance, cortisol levels in saliva can be used to test for stress responses in newborn babies and certain cancer markers can be detected in saliva. Routine saliva testing can also measure environmental toxins, illegal drugs, antibodies and hormones indicating HIV infection or hepatitis, among other things.

  • Protection Against Harmful Invaders

Saliva is one of your body’s main defenses against disease-causing organisms, such as bacteria and viruses. it contains proteins that inhibit the growth of naturally occurring fungus and antibodies that attack viruses such as HIV and the common cold. Saliva also helps to protect you against disease-causing bacteria and disrupts viral bacterial enzyme systems.

  • Dental Plaque

Saliva can help to protect you against some invaders, but it can’t always do the job. More than 500 species of bacteria thrive in your mouth constantly forming a sticky, colorless film called dental plaque that can cling to your teeth and cause health problems.

  • Your Mouth as a Source of Infection

Failing to brush and floss your teeth regularly can lead to the buildup of plaque along your gum line, which creates a conducive environment for bacteria to accumulate in the space between your teeth and gums. This gum infection is referred to as gingivitis and can lead to a more serious infection called periodontitis.

Oral bacteria wouldn’t normally get into your bloodstream. However, routine flossing and brushing, if you have gum disease or invasive dental procedures, can provide an entry point for microbes. Antibiotics that mess up the balance of bacteria in your mouth and treatments and medications that reduce the flow of saliva can also lower your mouth’s normal defense mechanisms, allowing bacteria to get into your bloodstream. You should also be wary when your wisdom teeth begin to grow.

How dental health affects overall health is something to consider. Research suggests that there may be an association between oral infections and preterm birth, cardiovascular disease and poorly controlled diabetes. So, is there a connection to oral health and whole-body health? The short answer is yes. As such, practicing good oral hygiene is like making an investment in your overall health.

Why We Should Remove Wisdom Teeth – Oral Hygiene

Why should we remove wisdom teeth? Most people at some point in their life are forced to have their wisdom teeth removed. It is never a comfortable process, and many find themselves questioning why wisdom teeth are even in a human’s mouth in the first place. They seem to do nothing but get in the way.

Why We Should Remove Wisdom Teeth

So, just how beneficial is it to have wisdom teeth removed? Below are a few reasons why we should remove wisdom teeth as soon as they start causing problems.

Original use

In the early days of human life, wisdom teeth actually did serve a purpose. They are strong, powerful teeth that are very capable of tearing through raw meat, nuts and other tough foods.

Why We Should Remove Wisdom Teeth

These days, humans have different ways to make food a little bit easier to consume. Not only that, but brain size has increased, and jawbone size has decreased. That basically means there is no longer room for 32 teeth in a person’s mouth. Since wisdom teeth are not needed, they are the first to go.

Issues with Wisdom Teeth

Not only are wisdom teeth not needed, but they can cause a lot of trouble just by being there. If wisdom teeth are not removed once they start to cause a little bit of discomfort, things can get tougher and tougher in a hurry.

Impacted Tooth

A wisdom tooth can start to be positioned horizontally, and that puts pressure on the tooth next to it. An impacted wisdom tooth just makes everything a lot tougher, including the procedure to get it removed.


Wisdom teeth are also very prone to decay. Even those people who brush every day and are very diligent about getting the entire mouth are much more likely to miss when wisdom teeth because they are so far back. Cavities are very prevalent with wisdom teeth compared to the rest of the mouth.


Related to the decaying process, wisdom teeth are pretty prone to infection and diseases as well. Infections can be formed if an impacted wisdom tooth starts the cause a cyst around the job on area. The cyst can do some major damage to the roots or bone in the mouth area. These very same impacted wisdom teeth can also develop gum disease pretty easily if they are trapped.

Identifying the Issue

If a person makes regular visits to the dentist, there is a very good chance that they will be able to make the call on when to exactly remove wisdom teeth. They can usually tell when problems look like they may be forming. That is why it is so important to set up regular visits to the dentist twice a year if possible.

Issues can pop up at any time during the year, and an emergency consultation can be set up if that is the case. It is in no way beneficial to simply wait until the next checkup if there is any level of discomfort.

Proper dental care limits issues

Wisdom teeth really end up being just major nuisances at the end of the day. They don’t provide any value in the mouth, and not removing them could end up causing a lot of damage. That is why we should remove wisdom teeth. Make sure to listen to the dentist when they recommend going through with the oral surgery.